An electric vehicle (EV) has become more popular over the years. Reuters said that the mass production of EVs will surge in 2023, so it will not be surprising if EVs take over in the coming years.
After all, EVs are better in energy efficiency and eco-friendly. The only problem with owning an EV is charging its onboard battery. Like car owners today bringing their cars to the gas station to refill the petrol, EV owners will have to take their EV to the EV charging location points to get the onboard battery charged.
If you intend to purchase an EV in the future, pay attention to the information below to learn how an EV battery charger works, including how it charges an EV’s battery.
1. Types Of Electric Vehicle Chargers
Electric car chargers come into three types: Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3.
- Level 1 EV charger – uses a standard 120V AC outlet and can charge an electric vehicle for up to 20 hours.
- Level 2 EV charger – uses a 240V AC outlet to charge an electric vehicle in 4-8 hours.
- Level 3 EV charger – uses high-voltage DC power to charge an electric vehicle in as little as 20-30 minutes.
2. Charging Cables
Electric vehicle charging cables are a crucial component of the charging process. They connect the EV charging station in Singapore to the vehicle’s charging port and come in different lengths and amperage ratings to accommodate various electrical charging needs.
3. Onboard Charger
Every electric vehicle has an onboard charger that connects the EV charging station in Singapore to the battery pack. The onboard charger converts AC power from the charging station to DC power to charge the battery pack.
4. Battery Management System
An electric vehicle’s battery management system (BMS) is essential to the charging procedure. The BMS monitors the EV charging and discharging levels of the battery, including the temperature, to ensure that the onboard battery is charged safely and efficiently.
5. Charging Process
The charging process starts when an electric vehicle is plugged into an EV charging station in Singapore.
The EV charger converts AC power from the EV charging station into DC power to charge the battery pack. Thanks to the battery management system’s monitoring of the charging process, the battery is charged securely and efficiently.
6. Battery Pack
The battery pack is the heart of an electric vehicle. It stores the energy that powers the electric vehicle and is composed of several individual battery cells. The battery cells work together to store and release energy as required.
7. Charging Stations
EV charging location points, also known as electric vehicle service equipment (EVSE), are available for public and private use. They provide the required power for the charging process and come in Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 variations.
The Bottom Line
Charging an electric car battery is a complicated process that requires several components to work together to ensure that the battery is charged safely and efficiently. Understanding the various components and how they function can help you care for your electric vehicle, especially if you plan to purchase one soon.
Contact SP Mobility at +65 6916 7799 or leave a message on their website if you are interested in learning more about EV charging in Singapore.